Professional Judgment

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Professional judgment: A critical appraisal.

Professional judgment is required whenever conditions are uncertain.  This article provides an analysis of professional judgment and describes sources of error in decision making.

Barnett, D. W. (1988). Professional judgment: A critical appraisal. School Psychology Review., 17(4), 658-672.

Chapter 2 Evidence-Based Education and Best Available Evidence: Decision-Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty.

Decisions always involve a degree of uncertainty because the outcomes are not known.  This chapter explores the sources of evidence that can inform educational decisions.

Detrich, R., Slocum, T. A., & Spencer, T. D. (2013). Chapter 2 Evidence-Based Education and Best Available Evidence: Decision-Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty. In B. G. Cook, M. Tankersley, & T. J. Landrum (Eds.), Evidence-Based Practices (pp. 21-44.). Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Will the “principles of effectiveness” improve prevention practice? Early findings from a diffusion study

This study examines adoption and implementation of the US Department of Education's new policy, the `Principles of Effectiveness', from a diffusion of innovations theoretical framework. In this report, we evaluate adoption in relation to Principle 3: the requirement to select research-based programs.

Hallfors, D., & Godette, D. (2002). Will the “principles of effectiveness” improve prevention practice? Early findings from a diffusion study. Health Education Research, 17(4), 461–470.

Diffusion of innovations

This book looks at how new ideas spread via communication channels over time. Such innovations are initially perceived as uncertain and even risky. To overcome this uncertainty, most people seek out others like themselves who have already adopted the new idea. Thus the diffusion process typically takes months or years. But there are exceptions: use of the Internet in the 1990s, for example, may have spread more rapidly than any other innovation in the history of humankind. 

Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.

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