What is the impact of School Superintendents on Student Achievement
This analysis used hierarchical linear modeling to link student achievement, enrollment, and demographic data to teacher, school, district, and superintendent data.
States, J. (2014). What is the impact of School Superintendents on Student Achievement Retrieved from what-is-impact-of826.
Developing principals as instructional leaders
This paper describes a continuous learning model of principal and superintendent support. The model places a premium on engagement at all levels of the system on shaping a focused culture of instruction within their schools.
Fink, E., & Resnick, L. B. (2001). Developing principals as instructional leaders. Phi Delta Kappan, 82(8), 598-610.
School Superintendents: Vital or Irrelevant?
A report by the Brown Center on Education Policy released in September 2014 finds that school superintendents are around for only a short time and have very little impact when it comes to improving student performance.
Chingos, M. M., Whitehurst, G. J. R., & Lindquist, K. M. (2014). School Superintendents: Vital or Irrelevant?. Brown Center on Education Policy at the Brookings Institute. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2014/09/superintendents%20whitehurst%20chingos/superintendentsbrown%20center9314.pdf
Leadership for learning: a research-based model and taxonomy of behaviors, 2007
In this article, the authors examine leadership for effective learning employing research on highly productive schools and districts and high-performing principals and superintendents.
Murphy, J., Elliott, S. N., Goldring, E., & Porter, A. C. (2007). Leadership for learning: a research-based model and taxonomy of behaviors 1. School Leadership and Management, 27(2), 179-201.
National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
NASBE exists to serve and strengthen State Boards of Education in their pursuit of high levels of academic achievement for all students.