Education Drivers

Subject Practice Elements

An evidence-based education model is designed to provide teachers, administrators, and decision makers with practice options that offer the greatest likelihood of success. In an evidence-based model, educators interpret research on a continuum of evidence to determine if the conclusions exceed the threshold required for making smart choices. Despite significant progress in creating a robust knowledge base, much remains to be studied, forcing educators to make decisions based on limited evidence. Fortunately, most practices and commercial curricula consist of combinations of discrete elements. These practice elements are fundamental units, thoroughly vetted, and frequently used in practices and curricula required for success in a specific discipline or subject. Ample evidence supports practice elements in reading, mathematics, and other subjects. For example, in reading the practice elements identified by the National Reading Panel include phonemic awareness, phonics instruction, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. When selecting a reading curriculum for a school or classroom, educators must analyze the material to ascertain if it is constructed of these elements.

Data Mining

TITLE
SYNOPSIS
CITATION
Which approaches to teaching science have the greatest impact on student achievement?

This analysis compares the effectiveness of differing approaches to teaching science.

States, J. (2013). Which approaches to teaching science have the greatest impact on student achievement? Retrieved from which-approaches-teaching-science944.

Does Reading Practice Correspond With Improved Reading Performance?
This analysis examined the relationship between the number of pages students read and improved reading performance.
States, J. (2011). Does Reading Practice Correspond With Improved Reading Performance? Retrieved from does-reading-practice-correspond.
How effective are teacher-training programs at teaching the skills of reading?
This review lookes at teacher pre-service efforts to provide comprehensive instruction in the 5 critical practice elements identified for effective reading instruction.
States, J. (2011). How effective are teacher-training programs at teaching the skills of reading? Retrieved from how-effective-are-teacher.
What are the most effective ways for teachers to teach reading?
This analysis examines the critical practice elements for effective teaching of reading. The piece also looks at practices that have been shown to be less effective.
States, J. (2011). What are the most effective ways for teachers to teach reading? Retrieved from what-are-most-effective.
What does science tell us about teaching reading?
This review examines the evidence that identifies the critical practice elements for effective reading instruction.
States, J. (2011). What does science tell us about teaching reading? Retrieved from what-does-science-tell.
What Is the Effect of Formative Evaluation on Student Achievement?
This review examines the effect size of the practice elements that comprise formative assessment.
States, J. (2011). What Is the Effect of Formative Evaluation on Student Achievement? Retrieved from what-is-effect-of869.
What are the components of effective mathematics instruction?
This analysis looks at a practice guide from The What Works Clearing House that provides practitioners with essential practice elements for effective instruction in mathematics.
States, J. (2012). What are the components of effective mathematics instruction? Retrieved from what-are-components-of.
Which approaches to teaching science have the greatest impact on student achievement?
This review looks at research on how to effectively teach science.
States, J. (2014). Which approaches to teaching science have the greatest impact on student achievement? Retrieved from which-approaches-teaching-science914.
Does suspension impact student achievement and dropout rates?
The inquiry examines the impact of different forms of student suspension on student achievement and student drop out rates.
States, J. (2015). Does suspension impact student achievement and dropout rates? Retrieved from does-suspension-impact-student.
TITLE
SYNOPSIS
CITATION
Strategies for Teaching Writing: An ASCD Action Tool

This book provides strategies for teaching writing. It provides a step-by-step approach to teaching the writing process. The tools include complete how-to-use instructions, suggestions, classroom examples and cross-curricular activities.

Caswell, R., & Mahler, B. (2004). Strategies for teaching writing. ASCD.

 

Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for Elementary and Middle Schools

The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) guide recommends practices to be in the repertoire of mathematics instructors for maximizing the effectiveness of mathematics instruction.

Gersten, R., Beckman S., Clarke B., Foegen A., Marsh L., Star J., and Witzel B. (2009). Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for Elementary and Middle Schools (NCEE 2009-4060) Washington D.C.: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education.

Effect of feedback and remediation on students' achievement in junior secondary school mathematics

This study investigated the effects of feedback and remediation as instructional strategies on junior secondary school students' achievement in mathematics.

James, A.O. & Folorunso, A.M. (2012). Effect of feedback and remediation on students' achievement in junior secondary school mathematics. International Education Studies, 5(5), 153-162.

This study is a meta-analysis to identify the subject matter practice elements required to effectively teach reading to children

This study is a meta-analysis to identify the subject matter practice elements required to effectively teach reading to children

National Reading Panel (US), National Institute of Child Health, & Human Development (US). (2000). Report of the national reading panel: Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction: Reports of the subgroups. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health.

Research on instructional strategies for teaching science

This research synthesis of is a comprehensive examination new and emerging research perspectives for the effective teaching of science. The volume is organized around six themes: theory and methods of science education research; science learning; culture, gender, and society and science learning; science teaching; curriculum and assessment in science; science teacher education.

 

Tobin, K., Tippins, D. J., & Gallard, A. J. (1994). Research on instructional strategies for teaching science. Handbook of research on science teaching and learning, 45, 93.

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