Education Drivers

Social Influence

For many individuals, bringing about meaningful change on a large scale requires a change in behavior. The challenge is in making these changes happen. Top-down policy changes and mandates alone have little impact on the day-to-day actions of individuals. The literature on organizational change suggests a more effective approach relies on social influence. Initiatives should not be implemented until a majority of individuals responsible for implementation support them. This requires identifying individuals within the system who have high credibility among their peers and allow them to lead the change effort. Different individuals at different levels within a system are seen as credible so it is necessary to include people from across the levels of the organization to participate in leading the change. Successful change occurs when the innovation is consistent with the values of those responsible for implementing it, fits within the organizational culture and values is easy to implement, and can be implemented as a pilot project.

 

 

Publications

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CITATION
Performance Architecture: Improving the Performance of Organizations

This paper introduces performance architecture as a framework that allows someone to assess all features of an organization so that the parts of the system can be aligned to support an innovation. 

Addison, R. (2012). Performance Architecture: Improving the Performance of Organizations Retrieved from ../../uploads/docs/2012%20Wing%20Summit%20RA.pdf.

Changing Hearts, Minds, and Behavior: Can Implementation Science Offer Any Clues?

This paper examines school cultural issues in the context of implementation research.

Blasé, K. (2014). Changing Hearts, Minds, and Behavior: Can Implementation Science Offer Any Clues? Retrieved from ../../uploads/docs/KBlase2014.pdf.

Taking Response to Intervention to Scale: Developing and Implementing a Quality Response-to-Intervention Process

This paper presents RtI as a continuous evaluation cycle: problem identification, problem analysis, goal setting, plans implementation and plan evaluation.

Daly, III, E. J., Kupzyk, S., Bossard, M., Street, J., & Dymacel, R. (2008). Taking Response to Intervention to Scale: Developing and Implementing a Quality Response-to-Intervention Process. Journal of Evidence-Based Practices for Schools, 9(2), 102-127.

Sustainability of evidence-based programs in education

This paper discusses common elements of successfully sustaining effective practices across a variety of disciplines.

Fixsen, D. L., Blase, K. A., Duda, M., Naoom, S. F., & Van Dyke, M. (2010). Sustainability of evidence-based programs in education. Journal of Evidence-Based Practices for Schools, 11(1), 30-46.

Conceptual and empirical issues related to developing a response-to-intervention framework

This paper examines five dimensions when implementing RtI: the tier model, identification of “at risk students”, preventative treatment, progress monitoring, and strategies for nonresponders.

Hintze, J. M. (2008). Conceptual and empirical issues related to developing a response-to-intervention framework. Journal of Evidence-Based Practices for Schools. Retrieved from http://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=17426155176752854167&hl=en&inst=569367360547434339&oi=scholarr

Thirty years of Getting Teachers to be More Effective
This paper presents a model for building a school organizational culture that trains and supports teachers in an effective, efficient, and sustainable manner.
Fitch, S. (2013). Thirty years of Getting Teachers to be More Effective Retrieved from ../../uploads/docs/2013WingSummitSF.pdf.

 

Presentations

TITLE
SYNOPSIS
CITATION
Changing Hearts, Minds, and Behavior: Can Implementation Science Offer Any Clues?

This paper examines school cultural issues in the context of implementation research.

Blasé, K. (2014). Changing Hearts, Minds, and Behavior: Can Implementation Science Offer Any Clues? [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from ../../uploads/docs/KBlase2014.pdf.

Developing and Implementing a Quality RtI Process

This paper presents RtI as a continuous evaluation cycle: problem identification, problem analysis, goal setting, plans implementation and plan evaluation.

Daly, E, III. (2007). Developing and Implementing a Quality RtI Process [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2007-wing-presentation-john-hintze.

Sustainability: The first thing. The only thing.

This paper discusses common elements of successfully sustaining effective practices across a variety of disciplines.

Fixsen, D. (2008). Sustainability: The first thing. The only thing. [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2008-wing-presentation-dean-fixsen.

Evaluating Student Response to Instruction Using a 3 Tier RtI Progress Monitoring System

This paper examines five dimensions when implementing RtI: the tier model, identification of “at risk students”, preventative treatment, progress monitoring, and strategies for nonresponders.

Hintze, J. (2007). Evaluating Student Response to Instruction Using a 3 Tier RtI Progress Monitoring System [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2007-wing-presentation-john-hintze.

Sustainable Programs: In Search of the Elusive

This paper examines the policy, culture, and system obstacles to progam sustainability, and identifies strategies to overcome these obstacles.

Keyworth, R. (2008). Sustainable Programs: In Search of the Elusive [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2008-campbell-presentation-randy-keyworth.

What We Know About Sustaining Programs?

This paper examines the latest research on which practice elements are essential for interventions to survive and thrive over time.

Keyworth, R. (2008). What We Know About Sustaining Programs? [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2008-calaba-presentation-randy-keyworth.

You Believe What? The Influence of Macro Contingencies on Individual School Cultures

Many of the contingencies that shape educator cultural values and beliefs occur outside of the school environment. This paper analyzes those contingencies and their influence on school culture change.

Keyworth, R. (2012). You Believe What? The Influence of Macro Contingencies on Individual School Cultures [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2012-aba-presentation-randy-keyworth.

Culture Mapping: A Functional Analysis of the Education Culture Landscape

This paper presents a culture map of national cultural values and beliefs that impact critical decisions in our education system, including how decisions are made and how they are implemented.

Keyworth, R. (2014). Culture Mapping: A Functional Analysis of the Education Culture Landscape [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2014-calaba-presentation-randy-keyworth.

The Importance and Challenges of Bridging the Culture Gap

This paper defines school culture change as a "wicked problem", exacerbated by its incredible complexity, interdependence of variables and stakeholders, and “messy” solutions.

Keyworth, R. (2014). The Importance and Challenges of Bridging the Culture Gap [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2014-wing-presentation-intro-randy-keyworth.

Performance Architecture: The Art and Science of Improving Organizations
This paper examines school culture change in the context of Performance Architecture, which views each organization as a dynamic system where every part affects every other part.
Addison, R. (2012). Performance Architecture: The Art and Science of Improving Organizations [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2012-wing-presentation-roger-addison.
Research Based Dissemination: Or Confessions of a Poor Disseminator"
This paper shares research on what makes ideas "stick" (gain acceptance, maintain) within a culture and provided an acronym from the results: SUCCESS (simple, unexpected, concrete, credible, emotional, involve stories).
Cook, B. (2014). Research Based Dissemination: Or Confessions of a Poor Disseminator" [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2014-wing-presentation-bryan-cook.
Building Sustainable Programs: From Myth to Reality
This paper makes the case that if programs are to sustain then it will be necessary to carefully plan for it from the inception of the program.
Detrich, R. (2008). Building Sustainable Programs: From Myth to Reality [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2008-louisiana-presentation-ronnie-detrich.
Designing a Culture: From Walden II to Classroom Consultation
This paper discusses the challenges of overcoming school cultural obstacles in the context of a public school teacher training and support program operated by Spectrum Center in the 1990's.
Detrich, R. (2014). Designing a Culture: From Walden II to Classroom Consultation [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2014-wing-presentation-ronnie-detrich.
Stranger in a Strange Land: Implementation Science for Behavior Analysis
This paper reviews the principles from implementation science and proposes how they can be used to impact the adoption rate of effective, scientifically based instructional practices.
Detrich, R. (2014). Stranger in a Strange Land: Implementation Science for Behavior Analysis [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2014-aba-presentation-ronnie-detrich.
Thirty years of Getting Teachers to be More Effective
This paper presents a model for building a school organizational culture that trains and supports teachers in an effective, efficient, and sustainable manner.
Fitch, S. (2013). Thirty years of Getting Teachers to be More Effective [Powerpoint Slides]. Retrieved from 2013-wing-presentation-suzanne-fitch.
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CITATION
Stepping stones: Principal career paths and school outcomes

This study examines the detrimental impact of principal turnover, including lower teacher retention and lower student achievement. Particularly hard hit are high poverty schools, which often lose principals at a higher rate as they transition to lower poverty, higher student achievement schools.

Beteille, T., Kalogrides, D., & Loeb, S. (2012). Stepping stones: Principal career paths and school outcomes. Social Science Research, 41(4), 904-919.

Consideration of Culture and Context in School-Wide Positive Behavior Support A Review of Current Literature

This is a literature review of culture and student behavior. Based on this review, general recommendations are presented for practitioners, personnel preparers, policy makers, and researchers, especially, in the context of implementing SWPBS.

Fallon, L. M., O’Keeffe, B. V., & Sugai, G. (2012). Consideration of Culture and Context in School-Wide Positive Behavior Support A Review of Current Literature. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 14(4), 209-219.

Being concrete about culture and cultural evolution
This study looks at the issue of culture from a behavior analytic perspective. Baum postulates the key to understanding cultural evolution lies in understanding practices in the light of their environmental contexts and short-term and long-term consequences.
Baum, W. M. (2000). Being concrete about culture and cultural evolution. In N. Thompson and F. Tonneau (Eds.) Perspectives in Ethology (Vol. 13, pp. 181-212). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum
Why Education Experts Resist Effective Practices (And What It Would Take to Make Education More Like Medicine)
This paper examines the phenomena of education experts dispensing unproven methods and flitting from one fad to another and describes how they, for ideological reasons, have shunned solutions with robust evidence of efficacy.
Carnine, D. (2000). Why Education Experts Resist Effective Practices (And What It Would Take To Make Education More Like Medicine).
Structuring the collaboration of science and service in pursuit of a shared vision
This article presents ideas and examples of methods that could preserve the strengths of the two major paradigms in children's mental health, evidence-based treatments and individualized care models.
Chorpita, B. F., & Daleiden, E. L. (2014). Structuring the collaboration of science and service in pursuit of a shared vision. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43(2), 323-338.
Moving Research Into Practice: Can We Make Dissemination Stick?
This paper examines the empirical and theoretical literature from fields outside of special education that may offer effective strategies for achieving sustainable implementation that can make a difference improving student performance.
Cook, B. G., Cook, L., & Landrum, T. J. (2013). Moving research into practice: Can we make dissemination stick?. Exceptional Children, 79(2), 163-180.
A roadmap to evidence-based education: Building an evidence-based culture
Evidence-based education is more than simply identifying research-based practices. It requires the identification, implementation, and evaluation of practices within a particular context. To do this requires systemic change and building an evidence-based culture.
Detrich, R., & Keyworth, R. States, J.(2007). A roadmap to evidence-based education: Building an evidence-based culture. Journal of Evidence-Based Practices for Schools, 8(1), 26-44.
Issues in disseminating and replicating effective prevention programs
This study looks at the issue of culture from a behavior analytic perspective. Baum postulates the key to understanding cultural evolution lies in understanding practices in the light of their environmental contexts and short-term and long-term consequences.
Elliott, D. S. & Mihalic, S. (2004). Issues in disseminating and replicating effective prevention programs. Prevention Science, 5(1), 47-53.
Evidence-Based Kernels: Fundamental Units Of Behavioral Influence
This paper describes evidence-based kernels; the fundamental units of behavioral underlie effective practices.
Embry, D. D., & Biglan, A. (2008). Evidence-based kernels: Fundamental units of behavioral influence. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 11(3), 75-113.
Theories of Change and Adoption of Innovations: The Evolving Evidence-Based Intervention and Practice Movement in School Psychology
This paper reviews some conceptual and theoretical models that have bearing on future research regarding this adoption process for evidence-based practices.
Kratochwill, T. R. (2005). Theories of Change and Adoption of Innovations: The Evolving Evidence-Based Intervention and Practice Movement in School Psychology. Psychology in the Schools.
Evidence-based practice: Promoting evidence-based interventions in school psychology
This report presents an overview of issues related to evidence-based practice and the role that the school psychology profession can play in developing and disseminating evidence-based interventions.
Kratochwill, T. R., & Shernoff, E. S. (2003). Evidence-based practice: Promoting evidence-based interventions in school psychology. School Psychology Quarterly, 18(4), 389.
The Curriculum Wars.
This paper examines the history and issues that are fundamental to the clash between those promoting an evidence-based approach to education and those favoring a constructivist approach to learning.
Loveless, T. (2014). The Curriculum Wars. Date Accessed: 4/1/2014. http://www.hoover.org/publications/defining-ideas/article/171441
A Theoretical Framework for Data-Driven Decision Making
The purpose of this paper is to provide a model for more effective data-driven decision making in classrooms, schools, and districts.
Mandinach, E. B., Honey, M., & Light, D. (2006, April). A theoretical framework for data-driven decision making. In annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.
What Is a Culture of Evidence? How Do You Get One? And... Should You Want One?
This paper uses a framework derived from Cultural Historical Activity Theory to describe changes in organizational practice in two teacher education programs as they began to use new sources of outcome data to make decisions about program design, curriculum and instruction.
Peck, C. A., & McDonald, M. A. What Is a Culture of Evidence? How Do You Get One? And... Should You Want One?. Teachers College Record. Date accessed: 3/21/14 http://www.tcrecord.org/Content.asp?contentid=17359
The Organization as a Filter of Institutional Diffusion
This study examines the effects of local contingencies in mediating the effects of policy in diffusion and implementation.
Penuel, W. R., Frank, K. A., Sun, M., Kim, C., & Singleton, C. (2013). The organization as a filter of institutional diffusion. Teachers College Record, 115(1), 306-339.
Improving Performance: How To Manage The White Space On The Chart
Improving Performance has been a pivotal book in the creation of the performance management movement by showing how to bridge the gap between organization strategy and the individual. It can be used as guide for principals to link planning to action, implementation of organization change, and offering ways to redesign processes to overcome obstacles that impede implementation.
Rummler, G. A., & Brache, A. P. (2012). Improving performance: How to manage the white space on the organization chart. John Wiley & Sons.
Education-Based Education Policy: A Conversation
This paper highlights issues that are fundamental to the education culture clash.
Schrag, F. (2014). Evidence Based Education Policy: A Conversation. Teachers College Record, Date Published: March 14, 2014http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 17465, Date Accessed: 5/6/2014 4:18:12 PM
Professional experience as a wicked problem in initial teacher education
This paper outlines what is at stake in the framing of the problem of professional experience and how constructions of the problem make it difficult to find enduring solutions.
Southgate, E., Reynolds, R., & Howley, P. (2013). Professional experience as a wicked problem in initial teacher education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 31, 13-22.
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SYNOPSIS
Frameworks Institute
FrameWorks designs, conducts and publishes communications research to prepare nonprofit organizations to expand their constituency base, to build public will, and to further public understanding of specific social issues.
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